Pollonnaruwa is considered as one of the ancient kingdoms of Sri Lanka and it is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This Sri Lankan city bears evidence of the ancient ruling dynasties and the archaeological sites are famous as tourist spots.
King Vijayabahu I made Pollonnaruwa the contemporary capital city. During the rule of Parakramabahu I Pollonnaruwa reached heights of success. The ruling period of this king is considered as the Golden Age of Pollonnaruwa as both agriculture and trade flourished during this time. Irrigation system was well developed and the Parakrama Samudraya was constructed for supply of irrigation water in Pollonnaruwa.
Nissankamalla I took over the kingdom of Pollonnaruwa as the successor of Parakramabahu I. But after the death of Nissankamalla I, civil war and invasions from Chola rulers began. Invaders from Malay attacked Pollonnaruwa for a number of times and the social structure of the kingdom was partly destroyed. Soon after the capital was moved to Kurunegala and Pollonnaruwa was deserted by its inhabitants.
Pollonnaruwa is known for the relics and archaeological sites. The Royal Palace and Lankatilaka Temple are two of the famous tourist attractions of this city. A number of Buddha statues carved from granite are also seen in the city of Pollonnaruwa. Gal Oya National Park, Lahungala National Park and Pottuvil and Arugam Bay are some other tourist attractions in Pollonnaruwa.