The city of Colombo is considered to be the largest city of Sri Lanka. This vibrant city is also the commercial capital of the country. It is situated on the west coast of the country and it occupies an area of about 3,694.20 sq Km. The name Colombo has originated from the Kolon thota, which was a Sinhalese name for this city. This Sri Lankan city is known by its present name from 1505. This name was introduced by the Portuguese in Sri Lanka.
Colombo is one of the most populous cities in Sri Lanka. The population of Colombo is multi-ethnic. Mainly Sinhalese, Tamils and Moors reside in Colombo. A Mayor Council form of government is prevalent. Climate of this city remains more or less temperate throughout the year. It remains generally hot and humid round the year. For tourism purpose, it is better to avoid the monsoon season in Colombo.
Due to the strategic position of Colombo, it attracted a number of sea traders from different countries. In 1505, Portuguese arrived in Colombo. In 1656 the Dutch power took control over the city. It came under British dominance from the year 1796. Colombo was recognized as a capital of Sri Lanka during the British rule in this country.